The approaching technology would see groups of minuscule, flexible electrode “threads” implanted into the human brain by a neurosurgical robot.
These threads detect and record the electrical signals in the brain, and transmit this information outside the body.
This has the potential to create a scalable high-bandwidth brain-machine interface (BMI) system, meaning that it connects the brain to an external device to form a brain-machine interface.
First tests on humans by end of 2020
The goal is to use Neuralink to understand and treat different forms of brain or spine-related disorders. For instance, paralysed humans could use the implanted device to control phones or computers.
However Musk also envisions the implant as a means of enhancing your own brain, giving humans the option to achieve a symbiosis with artificial intelligence (AI).
This could eventually lead to a future of “superhuman intelligence”, according to Musk.